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Author: Mus Nasmian

Penulis yang mempunyai pasukan mendayung universiti untuk dilatih. Cenderung membaca buku-buku sai fai, thriller, pengembaraan, sejarah dan juga seram mistik.

Malaysian Rowers

The team was on their way to Manila Sea Games 2005. Location: KLIA

The scullers: From the left, Tonga (Syukri), Acap (Syahrul), Coach Hadi, Aidy (#1 fan), Dedeq (Nordiana) & Afong (Tan Suet Fong).

Moderator & the scullers.

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Just say row: Blindness is no handicap

by joe eskenazi
staff writer

When Aerial Gilbert first learned to row, her college coaches often advised her to close her eyes, shut out the distractions of the outside world and soak in the feel of the boat. She never could have realized how important the advice would turn out to be. Decades later, when a bottle of tainted eyedrops robbed Gilbert of her sight in 1988, it changed every aspect of her life. But one. “Being blind, you’re on an equal playing field in the boat as a sighted person. You’re rowing backwards, anyway,” said Gilbert, the director of volunteers at Guide Dogs for the Blind in San Rafael. “As long as you have someone to guide the boat down the river, you’re on an equal field.”
Come Sunday, March 28, Gilbert will be inducted into the Sports Hall of Fame on eastern Long Island, N.Y., where a plaque in her name will be on permanent display. Gilbert was nominated for the honor by a fellow U.S. national team rower.
Rowing has been a huge part of her life ever since she was first transfixed by the awesome power and effortless synchronicity of sculls gliding across the surface of the water. But, following her accident — which police believe was the result of a disgruntled factory worker filling the eyedrop bottle Gilbert would eventually buy with lye — rowing has become the 49-year-old’s catharsis and refuge.
The sudden, painful blinding left Gilbert, a busy pediatric nurse and an athlete since age 2, unable to even walk safely around her own house. “The first six months, I didn’t handle it well. I didn’t go anywhere or do anything. But a friend from the boathouse said, ‘I’m taking you out rowing. You don’t have to see in order to row; we’ll take out a double,’” recalled Gilbert, who lives in Petaluma and now rows in two- and four-person boats. “It was like getting onto a bike after you learned how to ride when you were a kid. It was instantaneous. There were no problems. I just jumped in the boat and started rowing. Getting into the boat and moving through the world feeling strong and safe was an amazing opportunity for me. … I have to say, between rowing and getting my guide dog, those were the pivotal factors that allowed me to put my life together.” Gilbert immediately laid her own doubts to rest, but the rest of the world took some convincing. More than a few boathouse owners were reluctant to allow a blind rower out
onto the waves for fear she would run into something and ruin the expensive boat. They sang a different tune, however, once they saw her out on the water. That’s not to say there haven’t been dicey moments out there.
While competing in a race in the last Petaluma River Regatta, a stray eight-man boat crossed Gilbert’s path. She was smacked across the back by an oar and propelled into the water. Gilbert had the wind knocked out of her, but quickly found her way back into the boat, kept rowing, and her two-person boat finished second in the race. In addition to rowing in Master’s Division tournaments, Gilbert has helped to start up an “adaptive division” U.S. national team boat, featuring a pair of blind rowers and a pair of above-the-knee amputees. Competing in the 2002 World Rowing Championships in Milan, Gilbert’s adaptive boat took home the bronze medal.
Her inauguration in the Sports Hall of Fame — yes, she says with a laugh, there is such a thing — is a double victory. Not only is it a win for disabled athletes, it’s also a big step for an athlete in a non-major sport.
But Gilbert’s biggest thrill will come when more young people hop into boats and prove that blindness may be a disability, but it’s no handicap. “There are sports where blind kids can participate with other blind kids, but there are no other sports where blind youth can participate equally with sighted kids,” she said. “Since I’ve lost my sight, rowing is the only time during my waking hours when I can forget I’m blind. Other times, I’m really aware of it. But I put all my power into it and I don’t have to worry about running into everything. I can just row.”

CopyrightJ, the News Weekly of Northern California
Rowing Canada Aviron

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Adaptive Rowing

Adaptive rowing is rowing or sculling for rowers with a disability who meet the criteria set out in the Adaptive rowing classification regulations. Adaptive implies that the equipment is “adapted” to the user to practice the sport, rather than the sport being “adapted” to the user.

The International Rowing Federation (FISA) is the sole world governing body for Rowing, and the sport is practiced by athletes in 24 countries. It was introduced into the Paralympic programme in 2005 and will hold its first Paralympic events in Beijing in 2008.

Adaptive rowing is open to male and female rowers, and is currently divided into four boat classes which are part of the World Championships programme: LTA4+, TA2x, AW1x and AM1x.The LTA4+ and TA2x are mixed gender boats. Races are held over 1000 metres for all four events (although LTA4+ was raced over 2000m until the 2005 World Rowing Championships).


A. LTA (Legs, trunk and arms)
The LTA class is for rowers with disability but who have the use of their legs, trunk and arms and who can utilise the sliding seat. LTA rowers must meet minimum disability requirements in at least one of the following three disability groups:
(1) Intellectual disability
(2) Visual impairment
(3) Physical Disability

B. TA (Trunk and Arms)
The TA class is for rowers who have trunk movement but who are unable to use the sliding seat because of significantly weakened function of the lower limbs as defined below.
Eligible TA rowers would typically have a minimum disability equivalent to at least one of the following:
• Bilateral around knee amputation, or impaired quadriceps, or
• Neurological impairment equivalent to a complete lesion at L3 level, or an incomplete lesion at L1, or
• Combination of the above such as one leg with around knee amputation and one leg with quadriceps impairment; or
• have been classified by the international sports federation for athletes with cerebral palsy (CP-ISRA) as eligible to be in CP Class 5.

C. A (Arms Only)
The A class is for rowers who have no or minimal trunk function (i.e. shoulder function only). An A class rower is able to apply force using the arms and/or shoulders only. The classifiers shall adopt a Functional Classification Test in their assessment process, using the scale set out therein.:
Eligible rowers would typically have a minimum disability equivalent to at least one of the following:
• Cerebral Palsy Class 4 (CP-ISRA); or
• Neurological Impairment with a complete lesion at T12 level, or an incomplete lesion at T10, or
• Functional impairment of rectus abdominis (Beevor’s sign).

Refer more details at this link:

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Muscle Groups Used While Rowing

The basic rowing action is a coordinated muscle action that requires application of force in a repetitive, maximal and smooth manner. Every large muscle group will contribute to this action. The muscle requirements have been analyzed by Dr. Thomas Mazzone1. The rowing action has been divided into the following sequence:
1) the catch
2) the drive -> leg emphasis -> body swing emphasis -> arm pull through emphasis
3) the finish
4) the recovery

The Catch
The erector spinae muscles of the back are relaxed to allow for trunk flexion, which is provided by the abdominals. The psoas major and minor and the iliacus flex the pelvis and hips. The sartorius muscle rotates the thighs which allows the body to flex between the thighs to obtain maximum reach. The hamstrings and gastrocnemius are contracting while the knees are in flexion. The quadriceps are elongated and stretched, yet the rectus femoris is contributing to hip flexion. The ankles are dorsiflexed by the tibialis anterior. The elbows are extended by the triceps brachii. The grip on the handle is accomplished by the flexor muscles of the fingers and thumb.
The Drive : Legs Emphasis
The initial portion of the drive demands maximal power from the legs. The quadriceps extend the knee, and the feet are plantar flexed by the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles. A number of stabilizing muscles aid in supporting the lower back. All the muscles of the shoulder are contracting. These include the supra and infraspinatus, subscapularis, teres major and minor, and the biceps brachii. The scapula is stabilized by the serratus anterior and trapezius muscles

Body Swing Emphasis
As the knees are finishing their extension, the hip is also extending by the contraction of the gluteus and hamstring muscles. Back extension is occurring by contraction of the erector spinae.
In the upper body, elbow flexion is occurring via the biceps, brachialis, and the brachioradialis muscles.

Arm Pull Through Emphasis
The knees are maximally extended, and the ankles are plantar flexed. In addition, hip and back extension are being completed. The upper body musculature is contracting with high force to finish the drive. The elbow flexors are dominant. The flexor and extensor carpi ulnaris muscles of the forearm contract to stabilize and adduct the wrist. The shoulder is extended and adducted. The upper arm is internally rotated by the latissimus dorsi and pectoralis major. The teres minor, posterior deltoid, and long head of the biceps are acting on the shoulder joint. The scapula is rotated downward by the pectoralis minor and then drawn backward by the trapezius and rhomboid muscles.

The Finish
The knees and ankles remain constant as the hips complete a full extension. The back extensors are continually contracting, and the upper arms are internally rotated by the contracting latissimus dorsi. The triceps are extending the elbows slightly.

The Recovery
The arms are pushed forward and away from the body by the triceps until the elbows reach full extension. The anterior deltoids contract along with the coracobrachialis and biceps, and the upper arms raise slightly as they pass over the extended knees. The abdominals flex the torso, and once the hands have cleared the extended knees, the slide begins its forward motion through ankle dorsiflexion and hip and knee flexion.

1Kinesiology of the rowing stroke, NSCA Journal, Volume 10, Number 2, 1988, Thomas Mazzone, M.D. Wyoming County Community Hospital, Warsaw, New York

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Inspiring Quotes: Inches

Al Pacino – Any Given Sunday

all comes down to today.
We are in hell right now, gentlemen
believe me
we can fight our way
back into the light.
We can climb out of hell.
One inch, at a time.
The inches we need are everywhere around us.
On this team, we fight for that inch
On this team, we tear ourselves, and everyone else around us
to pieces for that inch.
We CLAW with our finger nails for that inch.
Cause we know
when we add up all those inches
that’s going to make the fucking difference
between WINNING and LOSING
between LIVING and DYING.
Now I can’t make you do it.
You gotta look at the guy next to you.
Look into his eyes.
Now I think you are going to see a guy who will go that inch with you.
You are going to see a guy
who will sacrifice himself for this team
because he knows when it comes down to it,
you are gonna do the same thing for him.
That’s a team, gentlemen
and either we heal now, as a team,
or we will die as individuals.
Now, whattaya gonna do?


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Rowing Specific: Weight Training for Upper Body

Sport /Activity:Rowing
Training phase:Hypertrophy / strength circuit
Durations: 12weeks

Exercise –> Planned sets x reps at weight

Seated Cable Row –> 3 x 12
Bench Press –> 3 x 12
Upright row –> 3 x 12
Single Straight Arm Pulldown –> 3 x 15
Incline DB Press –> 3 x 12
Alternate DB Press –> 3 x 12
Pullover –> 3 x 12
Bent Over Lateral Raise –> 3 x 15

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Summary of Asian Training Camp for Rowing

By: Tan Suet Fong
comment: Following article published by my friend above, one of the National Rowers. For you reading & hope you learn something from it.

Just to let you know what happened during the rowing programme for asians.. It was a development programme for all asian countries athletes. We had a week and half to develop proper & basic skills. Then, remaining days were for the competitions. We went there for the training programme, and had race on the last 4 days. Although we were no where near the olympic athletes, however, we did benefit from the programme it self. We had coaches from FISA, Frank, Andrea & Stani. MAS were under Andrea. We had training sessions in the morning, then afternoon again. At night, we had theory classes with the coaches for an hour.

Training Programs:
Wed 16/4 – boat rigging
Thurs 17/4 – 3 x 2k at 21 SR, 1 x 2k at relax pace (Water)
– eve 3 x 4k power stroke at 18 SR
Fri 18/4 – 1 x 4k, drills, 10 stroke stop in middle, 10 stroke stop twice, 10 strokes normal
3 x 2k, increase SR every 500m (18, 20, 22), relax 2k then
– eve, warm up 2k, 3x2k increasing SR, with 15 strokes burst 3 times
Sat 19/4 – 2k warm up, 3x2k with 10 strokes build up SR, 5 strokes cool down every 500m, 2k cool down
– eve, 3 x 4k steady state
Sun 20/4 – 3 x 4k steady state
Mon 21/4 – 3 x 2k at 21 SR, 1 x 2k at relax pace (Water)
– eve 3 x 4k power stroke at 18 SR
Tues-22/4- 2k warm up, 3x2k( include 6x250m race pace)
– eve 3x4k relax(include drills with stops at knee bent)
Wed 23/4 – 2k warm up, 3x2k(include 4x500m race pace)
– eve Max HR test on ergo
Thurs 24/4 – 1k race
Fri, Sat, Sun – race for asian prequalification olympic for rowing

On the development programme, they emphasized on boat speed, not stroke rates. Faster SR might mean greater negative force. hence, we did slow but powerful strokes during the training. maintain SR at low rating, and always increase speed of boat. feel how the boat moves. Lock water, pull & feel the boat moves. The right timing when we lock the oar ensure no negative force, and through training, we can find the right timing.

Also training emphasized on group rowing, great way to improve skill. Faster rowers can slow down thier boat to wait for slower rower with lesser SR, hence improve balancing skill.
we also had video watching on the rowing technique as well. Hope this helps. If there is doubt, feel free to ask. I might be wrong, but will always be ready to help. This is a summary on the programme. A.Adi, A.Halim & A.Azli will be the right person to ask for more technical details.
One more, we might be lack of junior rowers. other countries are developing their juniors. upcoming event would be Hong Kong rowing championship.

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13 – 17 MAY 2008

Sebanyak 18 universiti seluruh Malaysia mengambil bahagian yang menyaksikan acara-acara rowing dan kayak dipertandingkan bagi kedua-dua kategori lelaki dan wanita. Pertandingan kali ini memihak kepada Universiti Teknologi Malaysia dengan menjuarai piala pusingan kategori lelaki dan wanita bg acara rowing. Manakala sukan kayak pula UTHM menggondol piala pusingan berdasarkan kutipan pingat yang paling banyak bagi acara lelaki & Kayak Wanita dimenangi oleh Universiti Malaya.

Acara kali ini juga memperlihatkan komitmen daripada sesetengah universiti yang mengambil inisiatif menghantar peserta-peserta ke kem-kem latihan seawal 2 minggu sebelum pertandingan. Bagi Universiti yang berada di sekitar Lembah Klang, latihan hujung minggu diadakan di 2 lokasi utama iaitu Kelab Tasik Putrajaya dan The Boathouse, Empangan Batu, Ulu Yam, Selangor.

Tidak ketinggalan juga pujian yang harus diberikan kepada UNIMAS atas kesungguhan pihak pentadbir membangunkan sukan rowing dengan pembelian bot-bot rowing kategori 4- (coxless four). Dengan kemudahan tersebut, saya meramalkan UNIMAS akan bangkit sebagai salah satu pencabar yang kuat dalam masa terdekat. Asalkan, perancangan latihan mengikut fasa-fasa tertentu dapat dibentuk oleh jurulatihnya.

Hasilnya, pertandingan kali ini memperlihatkan kemajuan di mana kelebihan dan kekuatan pasukan tidak dimonopoli oleh sesetengah universiti sahaja. Sejak bermulanya aktiviti rowing, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTMKL khasnya) mengungguli acara rowing saban tahun dengan dicabar musuh tradisi Universiti Malaya sebagai saingan terdekat. Malahan, pengambilan atlit untuk mewakili negara kebanyakkannya diserap dari universiti berkenaan. Selain faktor lokasi & kemudahan yang disediakan berdekatan dengan lokasi kampus, presiden PERDAMA ketika itu adalah pegawai Belia & Sukan di UTMKL. Oleh sebab itu, perancangan & pembangunan atlit lebih tersusun. Melalui Tech’s Rowing Club, rantaian atlit-atlit pelapis yang dibentuk tidak pernah terputus. Individu yang dimaksudkan sebagai Presiden PERDAMA ialah Encik Malek Abd Ghani bersama organisasi yang dibentuk atas dasar sukarelawan yang setia mendokong pembangunan sukan ROWING di tanah air.

Tahun ini, kebangkitan UTHM, USM dan UNIMAS memeriahkan persaingan sukan mendayung di kalangan mahasiswa & mahasiswi. Ini juga bagaikan petanda lebih banyak atlit-atlit berkualiti akan dilahirkan. Kemarau pingat sukan mendayung di persada antarabangsa mungkin berakhir tidak lama lagi.

Saya yang hadir sebagai pegawai teknikal dapat merasai bahang perubahan akan berlaku. Lebih-lebih lagi pertandingan UNITEN Rowing Invitation akan datang dijangka Ogos ini bakal mempamerkan lebih ramai jaguh-jaguh rowing di seluruh negara.

Harapannya adalah semoga gelombang semangat yang ditiup ke jiwa anak-anak muda ini akan terus dijana sehingga momentumnya memberi warna-warna baru pada wacana sukan di Malaysia. Dengan izin tuhan, usaha-usaha pembangunan tanpa jemu sukarelawan yang setia bernaung di bawah NGO ini akan dibalas dengan kejayaan mengharumkan nama Malaysia di pentas dunia.

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ROWING: Sukan Mendayung

Sukan ini bukannya baru di Malaysia tapi dengan kurangnya publisiti ditambah pula dengan pencapaian yang lemah negara di peringkat antarabangsa melambatkan perkembangannya. Hakikatnya, sukan ini adalah sukan ke-2 terbesar kontijen atlitnya di OLIMPIK selepas acara balapan (athletic). Perkembangan sukan mendayung dan usaha-usaha meningkatkan pencapaiannya telah bermula seawal 90-an. Difahamkan Persatuan Mendayung Malaysia (PERDAMA) menggandakan & menumpukan usaha-usaha memperkenalkan rowing di peringkat universiti. Ini dilaksanakan dengan 3 acara besar yang diadakan setiap tahun di Kompleks Sukan Air, Putrajaya iaitu:

  • Sukan MASUM : Regatta Rowing & Kayak
  • UNITEN Rowing Invitation
  • Varsity Boat Race & Asian Varsity Boat Race

Pelbagai faktor mempengaruhi perjalanan sukan mendayung di negara kita termasuk faktor kewangan, kekurangan atlit, kemudahan dan komitmen badan-badan tertentu yang terlibat secara langsung atau tidak langsung. Namun faktor kewangan menjadi penghalang terbesar bagi setiap negeri atau universiti untuk mengadakan kemudahan sukan ini berikutan kos yang tinggi. Untuk pembelian sebuat bot coxed four (4+) sahaja melibatkan kos sebanyak RM40K tidak termasuk kos-kos sampingan yang lain seperti oars, ergometre (indoor rowing machine) & bilik stor penyimpanan. Selain itu, kekurangan jurulatih yang berpengalaman juga menjadi faktor utama.

Walaupun begitu, perkembangan positif dikesan berikutan dengan acara kebangsaan & antarabangsa yang diadakan saban tahun. Mahasiswa & mahasisiwi dilihat sebagai pemangkin dalam meningkatkan kreadibiliti universiti yang dikatakan merosot akhir-akhir ini. Universiti bukan sahaja wadah kecemerlangan akademik tetapi jati diri yang boleh dinilai melalui kecemerlangan dalam sukan. Apatah lagi sukan rowing merupakan sukan yang menitikberatkan semangat sepasukan (TEAMWORKS) dan setiakawan. Dengan itu perpaduan bukan lagi menjadi satu isu.

Lebih lanjut mengenai sejarah rowing sila clik di sini:

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